The Qur’an on the Preservation of Pharaoh’s Body

Certain Muslims think that the Quran foretold the preservation of the body of the Pharaoh of the Exodus as a sign for those who come afterwards:

“We took the Children of Israel across the sea: Pharaoh and his hosts followed them in insolence and spite. At length, when overwhelmed with the flood, he said: ‘I believe that there is no god except Him Whom the Children of Israel believe in: I am of those who submit (to Allah in Islám).’ (It was said to him): ‘Ah now!- But a little while before, wast thou in rebellion!- and thou didst mischief (and violence)! This day shall We save thee in thy body, that thou mayest be a sign to those who come after thee! But verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Signs!’” S. 10:90-92

The Muslims take this passage as an indication that Allah would use the discovery of the Pharaoh’s body to prove to others that the Islamic scripture is divine in origin.

These dawagandists then cite Dr. Maurice Bucaille’s assertion that Loret discovered Pharaoh’s body in 1898 at Thebes in the Kings’ Valley (cf. The Bible, the Qur’an and Science, p. 238).

There are several major problems with this claim. First, scholars are in disagreement over the exact identity of the Pharaoh of the Exodus. Some scholars are of the opinion that the Exodus took pace in the 19th dynasty period of Egypt, making Seti I and Rameses II the Pharaohs of the Israelite oppression and their subsequent Exodus from Egypt. Others, citing 1 Kings 6:1 as evidence, believe that the Exodus took place in 1446 BC. This is due primarily to the statement in 1 Kings that Israel’s deliverance from Egypt took place 430 years before “The fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel,” which means 430 years before 966 BC. This would then make Thutmose III and his son Amunhotep II the Pharaohs of that period.

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